Kauo Makinen, DDS
Biologic & Materials Sciences
Kauko K. Makinen, professor of dentistry, retired from active faculty status on September 30, 1996.
A native of Finland, Professor Makinen received his B.A. degree in 1964 his M.S. degree in biochemistry in 1964, and his Licentiate in Philosophy (biochemistry) in 1966 from the University of Turku in Turku, Finland, and his Ph.D. degree in biochemistry in 1969 from the University of Helsinki in Helsinki, Finland. He was appointed instructor in anatomy at the University of Oulu in Oulu, Finland, in 1964. He served as teacher in microbiological chemistry at the Turku Trade School and chemist at the University of Turku Dental School in 1965. Professor Makinen was a senior lecturer in enzymology at the University of Helsinki and an associate professor of dental biochemistry at the University of Turku in 1970. He also served as a visiting scientist at the National Institute of Dental Research in Bethesda, Maryland from 1975 to 1976, a senior research fellow at the Academy of Finland in 1979, and a visiting professor of biochemistry and biophysics at Texas A&M University from 1979 to 1980. Professor Makinen joined the faculty of the University of Michigan School of Dentistry as a visiting professor in 1984 and was promoted to professor with tenure in 1986.
He is a member of the Omicron Kappa Upsilon honor society, the Biochemical Society of London, the American Institute of Nutrition, and the New York Academy of Science. Professor Makinen has served as a member or held office in a number of professional societies, including the Organization for European Caries Research, the International Association for Dental Research, the Finnish Dental Society, the European Research Group for Oral Biology, and the Federation Dentaire International.
Professor Makinen has contributed to the scientific literature through professional journals, as well as through chapters in several textbooks. For over 20 years, his major research focus has been on the effect of xylitol (a sugar alcohol) on dental caries.